The steering column in a vehicle connects the wheel to the steering mechanism. It transfers the driver’s input torque from the steering wheel to the wheels and allows the vehicle to turn. The steering column usually houses the ignition, indicators, and windscreen wipers. The gear selector, in certain models, can be found on the steering column. Most of the components present in the steering mechanism are housed below the dash and run down towards the wheels through the engine compartment and firewall. The column is joined to the steering components on the vehicle’s chassis by a series of universal joints and solid steel tubing components.
There are many different types of steering in vehicles that incorporate various column styles. These include tilt steering, which allows the driver to adjust the height of the steering, and telescopic steering, which allows for height and reach adjustment. A steering mechanism may also perform a variety of secondary functions, including column locking mechanisms and energy dissipation in the event of a frontal collision.
Modern vehicles incorporate a steering lock, which is an anti-theft device within the steering column. Another feature of modern steering mechanisms is that the steering wheel is usually fitted with an airbag. This adds to the safety of the vehicle and reduces injury to the driver in the event of a collision. Also incorporated in the modern vehicle is collapsible steering columns. If you find yourself in a situation where the steering column needs to be repaired always use high quality replacement parts. At car-parts.ie we sell high quality parts that come backed by a warranty. If you’re not sure which parts to buy just get in touch with our experts right away.